Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2023-11-28T13:19:11+00:00 Khazar University Open Journal Systems <h1><span style="color: #800000;">Aims &amp; Scope</span></h1> <p><img src="" alt="journal" width="221" height="311" align="left" hspace="5" vspace="5" /></p> <p style="margin-top: 1.0em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;"><em><strong>Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences</strong></em> is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal published by Khazar University Press (Baku, Azerbaijan). The journal focuses on the results of original research projects in various fields of <strong><em>Politics, International Relations, Education, History of Thoughts, Language, and Literature</em></strong>. The journal is published in Azerbaijan but accepts articles from authors all around the globe.</p> <p style="margin-top: -1.7em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;">The journal publishes original articles, review articles, book reviews, and special issues.</p> <p style="margin-top: -1.7em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;">The aim of the Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences is the development of humanities and social sciences, the increase and recognition of innovations in the field of these sciences, and at the same time to stand out among the world's leading humanities and social sciences journals.</p> <p style="margin-top: -1.7em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;">Articles and any other material published in the Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences represent the opinions of the author(s) and should not be considered to reflect the opinions of the Editorial Board.</p> <p style="margin-top: -1.7em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;">The KJHSS is published in <strong><em>four annual issues</em></strong> (spring, summer, fall, and winter) and in both print and online versions.</p> <p style="margin-top: -1.7em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;">The journal is fully financially supported by Khazar University. There are <strong><em>no publication</em></strong><em> <strong>fees</strong></em> for any author.</p> <p style="margin-top: -1.7em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;">Copyrights to articles are held by Khazar University Press upon acceptance of the articles for publication. However, users are allowed to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author as long as they properly cite the biographical information of the articles.</p> <p style="margin-top: -1.7em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;">Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (KJHSS) is indexed with the following organizations:</p> <ul style="margin-top: -1.7em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;"> <li>Web Of Science Core Collection - Clarivate;</li> <li>COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics);</li> <li>Google (Scholar);</li> <li>Directory of Research Journals Indexing (DRJI);</li> <li>Crossref;</li> <li>EBSCO Host;</li> <li>Arastirmax;</li> <li>ASOS Index;</li> <li>EZB Electronic Journal Library;</li> <li>Scirus (Elsevier);</li> <li>DuraSpace;</li> <li>Infoseek;</li> <li>Open J-GATE;</li> <li>IndexCopernicus;</li> <li>Genamics;</li> <li>Arastirmax;</li> <li>New Jour;</li> <li>OAJI (Open Academic Journals Index);</li> <li>TEI (Türk Eğitim Indeksi);</li> <li>National Library of Finland;</li> <li>Washington University Library;</li> <li>Chicago University Library;</li> <li>Academic Journals Database;</li> <li>NSD (Norwegian Social Science Data Services);</li> <li>Database of University of Science and Technology of China;</li> <li>E-resources Subject Access;</li> <li>Asian Digital Library.</li> </ul> <h1><span style="color: #800000;">Statement about Open Access</span></h1> <p>This is an open-access journal, meaning that all content is freely available to the user or his/her institution without charge. Articles are made available on the journal website as full-text pdf files.</p> <p style="margin-top: -1.0em; margin-bottom: 2.0em;" align="justify">All published articles are licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Unported License</a>.</p> <h1><span style="color: #800000;">Research Misconduct and Plagiarism</span></h1> <p>The KJHSS has a zero-tolerance policy for plagiarism and research misconduct. All submissions are scanned for possible plagiarism. When plagiarism is detected and confirmed, the article is immediately rejected for publication, and the offending author is blacklisted from further publication with Khazar University Press journals. The KJHSS follows the COPE guidelines regarding allegations of research misconduct in its publications.</p> <p><a href="">Code of conduct and best practice guidelines for journal editors.</a></p> <p>The KJHSS follows the <a href="">conflict of interest policy of PNAS</a> (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA).</p> <h1><span style="color: #800000;">Archiving</span></h1> <p>All back articles are made available as full text on the journal website. In the event that the KJHSS discontinues its publication, its archive of published articles will still remain available on the journal website, to be maintained as an archive website by Khazar University Press.</p> A Review on the Position of South Caucasus in China’s Belt and Road Initiative 2023-11-27T21:55:16+00:00 Mustafa Aydın Gülmire Berdaş <p>On the “Belt and Road Initiative (B&amp;R)” (Chinese: 一带一路), which is recognized as a global infrastructure development strategy by the People’s Republic of China, for the first time in his speech in Kazakhstan on 7 September 2013, Chinese President, Xi Jinping, spoke about the ancient ‘silk road’ and mentioned the establishment of the ‘Silk Road Economy Belt’. As of June 23, 2021, China had signed 206 cooperation documents which covered communications infrastructure, interconnection, investment, trade, finance, technology, people’s livelihoods, and oceans with 140 countries and 32 international organizations to join the “Belt and Road Initiative”. In 2020 alone, Chinese investors made direct investments of US$ 18.61 billion in 58 countries along the “Belt and Road Initiative” route. In China’s “Belt and Road Initiative”, the South Caucasus region, known as the middle corridor, is of great significance in the process of transition to Europe. Although Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia officially supported this Chinese initiative, the conflict, instability and changing geopolitics in the South Caucasus region made investors uneasy. In this study, global factors, the future of the “Belt and Road Initiative” in the region and the position of the South Caucasus were studied. And, the advantages and disadvantages of the initiative are evaluated.</p> 2023-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Securitization of International Migration in the Context of Economic and Societal Security: An Example of the Hungarian Fidesz and Jobbik Parties 2023-11-27T22:09:36+00:00 Bülent Şener Şeyma Uzun <p>The phenomenon of international migration has become one of the most complex issues within the expanding and deepening security field since the conclusion of the Cold War. By the end of the 1990s, far-right parties had securitized international migration, which had previously been encouraged by many European countries to meet their workforce needs, posing a threat to the security of both the international system and developed and developing countries. Particularly after the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, immigration and anti-immigrant sentiments and actions were concentrated in the Western world in general, and Europe in particular, reaching a pinnacle during the Arab Spring. Far-right parties have risen in response to migration and anti-immigration discourses, securitizing international migration by claiming that immigrants disrupt European society’s homogeneity and increase integration problems, unemployment, and crime rates. This study examines the securitization of international migration on a socioeconomic and political level within the framework of far-right parties in Europe using the example of Hungary’s ruling Fidesz and opposition Jobbik parties. The conclusions reached show that international migration will be securitized in both Eastern and Western European countries where the far-right is on the rise.</p> 2023-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Femalization of the Genre of Literature; Novel Owners of the Novel 2023-11-27T22:16:52+00:00 Seyyedeh Zahra Nozen <p>Unfairly female authors have been deprived of the title of “mothers” of English Novel and “fathers” have been taken as the sole male owners of the Novel. While not only the first professional novelist was a woman but the numbers of female novelists exceed that of the males. Female authors indefatigably undertook the process of femalization the genre of literature and the current study conducted through the qualitative research and text-analysis methods together with historical approach tried to put light to the fact that how female novelists contributed to the great genre of literature and strengthen it due to their fairness and their gender as well as their treatment of their subject. Aphra Behn penned Oroonoko of 1688 much earlier than Danial Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe of 1719. The purpose of this paper has, by no means, been to convert female writers from the lower novelists to higher ones. However, under the strict social conventions of the seventeenth and eighteenth century England, there had been buried some masterpieces of literary works which need to be delivered again to the world of literature, the negligence of which is a loss and the revival of which is a gain to both consumers and producers of literary works.</p> 2023-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Literary Travel and Cycling during fin de siècle England 2023-11-27T22:22:42+00:00 Orkun Kocabıyık <p>For most of the literary historians, the time period between the 1880s and 1920s have generally been accepted as the climax years of the notion of literary travelling not only in Europe but also in England. This type of journeying fashion is seen in the literary works of many English writers such as Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, Arthur Conan Doyle and many others. Literary travel can be considered as roaming of places of literary interest for pleasure where the traveller could experience and re-memory of birthplaces, homes, haunts and even graves of the prominent literary figures. Visiting places related with the particular writers or books coincides with bicycle condensed years of the last quarter of the nineteenth century (fin de siècle) in England. In addition to the above writers, Elizabeth Robins Pennell and Joseph Pennell are two different kind of travellers and their published account namely Our Sentimental Journey through France and Italy is worth scrutinizing. Both as American citizens, the Elizabeth Robins and Joseph Pennells decided to move to England in 1884, where they carried on their artistic and literary engagements for nearly thirty years, and the couple regularly had the chance to travel to Europe and brought their cultural baggage there on their tricycles. Joseph Pennell was born in Philadelphia, and he was an acclaimed lithographer of his time. After graduating from Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Joseph worked on the illustrations of travel articles and books for American publishers for a while.<br>Through the mutual connection and overlapping of these two fin de siècle trends (literary travel and cycle travel) and the above-mentioned text of the Pennells’, this paper argues that the sentimental preconception of cycling complicates the experience of travelling for the above-mentioned couple as they tried to imitate Laurence Sterne, well-known writer of novels and travel accounts. For this respect, some supportive quotations will be given from the Pennells’ text in which they both lack to illustrate their sentimental mood in times and in other times, successfully show their joy enthusiasm in their pedalling with their tricycles. Thus, the foremost aim of this paper is to elaborate on Pennells’ text claiming their intertextual allusions on their former model Laurence Sterne.</p> 2023-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Tea, Coffee and Cocoa - A Cultural Phenomenon in Azerbaijan 2023-11-27T22:27:37+00:00 Hamlet Isaxanli <p>Tea, coffee, and cocoa are all popular beverages in Azerbaijan, and each has its own unique cultural significance. Tea is the most popular beverage in Azerbaijan and is often consumed throughout the day. It is also a common accompaniment to meals and social gatherings. Coffee is also popular in Azerbaijan but is more typically consumed as a morning beverage. Cocoa is less popular than tea or coffee but is still enjoyed by many Azerbaijanis. This article will explore the cultural significance of tea, coffee, and cocoa in Azerbaijan. It will discuss the history of each beverage in this country, as well as different ways in which they are served, consumed and enjoyed. The article will also examine the role that these beverages play in Azerbaijani society and culture. The article will conclude by discussing the importance of tea, coffee, and cocoa to Azerbaijani culture. It will argue that these beverages are more than just drinks; they are also important symbols of Azerbaijani hospitality, friendship, and community.</p> 2023-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Role of Oral History in Acquiring Chronological Thinking Skills and Perception of Change and Continuity Skills via Van Weddings 2023-11-27T22:33:37+00:00 Aydın Güven Rüstem Çurku <p>The aim of this research is to reveal the contributions of oral history practices about the wedding traditions in Van to enable students acquire skills in chronological thinking and perception of change and continuity. The research was conducted using a case study, which is one of the qualitative research methods, and convenience sampling was employed within the framework of purposeful sampling in the study. Students conducted interviews with 60 volunteer participants, who were family members aged 50 and above regarding Van wedding traditions. The students prepared a report based on the participant’s statements, and interviews were conducted with the participating students to monitor and assess the study. Data collection tools such as documents, semi-structured interview forms, and focus group interviews were utilized. In the study, the data obtained regarding students’ skills in perceiving change as well as continuity chronological thinking skills were evaluated using checklists developed by the researcher. Descriptive analysis was performed on the data. This research revealed that the students were able to evaluate history from a broad perspective both chronologically and culturally, according to the determined criteria and they were also able to comprehend the reasons behind the occurrence of events from the past to the present. Additionally, it was determined that students were able to identify what has changed and what has remained unchanged in terms of their skills in perceiving change and continuity.</p> 2023-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Technology of Training of Future Teachers of Preschool Education Institutions to Work with Creatively Gifted Children 2023-11-27T22:48:03+00:00 Tetiana Potapchuk Galyna Boryn Ivanna Pukas Nataliia Kanosa Tetiana Babiuk Mariana Hordiichuk <p>In the new conditions for the development of the Ukrainian society, studying intelligence, psychological mechanisms, and pedagogical means of developing creative talent becomes especially relevant, which is becoming one of the priority tasks of scientific research. This is due to several factors the intellectual abilities of humans are considered a powerful potential of human civilization, the development of which can significantly improve the quality of any social reforms. Creativity is an integral part of human spirituality and a prerequisite for personal freedom, serves as a social mechanism that resists the regress of society, taking into account that only the work of the intellect can provide the possibility of new knowledge. Components of giftedness are given: high intellectual level, the person’s ability to creativity, persistence. The main characteristics of a creative personality are highlighted.<br>It is noted that an educator’s training consists of the innovative nature of the pedagogical activity, which requires adjustment of the teacher’s professional culture and his/her value orientations, a fundamental change of direction in the methodology and methods of work. It is emphasized that the main purpose of our experimental research is to test the effectiveness of the technology of preparing future educators to work with creatively gifted children; confirmation or refutation of the research hypothesis; making a description of the experimental study, analysis of its results.<br>In pedagogical theory and practice, a significant amount of research related to the identification of giftedness has been developed, and programs have been developed to help children realize their abilities. These issues are reflected in such state documents as the Law of Ukraine "On Extracurricular Education" (2000), the Decree of the President of Ukraine "On State Support of Gifted Youth", "Program of Work with Gifted Youth for 2006-2010", the purpose of which is creation of favorable conditions for the realization of the creative potential of the Ukrainian people, search, support and stimulation of intellectually and Technology of training of future teachers of preschool education institutions to work with creatively gifted children creatively gifted children and youth, self-realization of the creative personality in the modern educational space.</p> 2023-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023